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Income tax in Nigeria is a relatively broad term and it includes several types of incomes taxes that have been imposed on the individuals as well as the companies that are working in Nigeria. Following are some of the mist important income tax terms that are used when it comes to Nigeria:
1.Rental Income tax
2.Taxation of Expats
3.Personal income tax
Rental income tax
Rental income tax in Nigeria is calculated annually according to the income that has been generated from apartment, property or land within the country. Following are most important assumptions that are made by the government while calculating taxes in this regard:
1.Gross rental income should be $1500 per month
2.The property should be directly or jointly owned by husband and wife
3.Both husband and wife are non residents in Nigeria and most importantly foreigners
4.No other local income set up has been established by them in this regard
5.There is no loan or mortgage taken for the purchase of the property rented.
6.In Nigeria the value of the house or the place rented is calculated based on assumptions as there are no stats of house pricing published by the government of Nigeria. General economic stats are however available with the Central Bank of Nigeria.
Taxation of Expats
Income tax in Nigeria is also collected from the people who are non residents and are earning their livelihood within the country. In the recent years all the advanced countries of the world have their focus on Africa for business expansion and establishment of new facilities. In this regard the Nigerian economy is one of the main factors that are considered by large corporate organizations and it is all due to the fact that the country now has a stable political structure as well as immense population that has been estimated over 165 M. In relation to taxation of expats there are no rules and regulations clearly defined by the government instead the income tax structure with respect to Nigerian personal income tax is applied to all expats living in the country. It is however to be noted that with the increase in the number of expats the government is now taking steps to set up an act or legislation which is yet to be announced in this regard.
Personal Income tax
Personal income tax in Nigeria is calculated at a rate of 24%. It is solely related to the individuals who are working within the country. It is also to be noted that under the personal income tax in Nigeria the sources of income charged are labor, pension, interest and dividends. The benchmark that has been set by the taxation authorities is also known as Top Marginal Tax Rates. The government is taking serious measures to ensure that PITA or Personal Income Tax Act is enforced due to the fact that it is one of the major sources of government’s income.